Space Shrinking by Dark Matter as the Source of Dark
Energy Revealed from Shrink-and-Grow Mystery

Web Page (6)

By Sing H. Lin, Ph.D., E-Mail: singhlin@gmail.com
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讀萬卷書    行萬里路

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Abstract

There are several known Mystery Spot areas on earth surface where visitors can enjoy watching the
strange Shrink-and-Grow Mystery. In such demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery, two persons stand
on two ends of a level demonstration platform about 2 to 3 feet long. When the two persons switch their
standing positions, their relative heights change by several inches. The taller person becomes shorter and
the shorter person becomes taller. With 23 year research, I have collected 11 sets of evidences to show
that such Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is not an illusion, it is real.

By visiting several Mystery Spot areas, visiting two Mystery Spot areas multiple times and doing extensive
research on the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in these Mystery Spot areas for more than 23 years, I discover
that dark matter can shrink space in its vicinity. This ground breaking discovery is important because:

1. It provides a scientific explanation for the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery.
2. Spacetime shrinking by dark matter is the second method for dark matter to interact with ordinary
matter, in addition to the well known first method of gravity, and
3. It leads into the next ground breaking discovery that dark energy comes from the highly shrunk or highly
compressed spacetime by the huge amount of dark matter in extreme high density state during the early
stage of universe.


It is the space shrinking by the high concentration of Type B dark matter that is causing such
Shrink-and-Grow Mystery. In other words, people's height can change depending on his/her distance to the
location of the high concentration of Type B dark matter in the Mystery Spot area. With such insight, I
looked into the available astronomy data and found evidence that dark matter halo surrounding a galaxy
also shrinks the space on the galactic scale. This means dark matter can interact with ordinary matter not
only through gravity but also through its space shrinking capability.

Going one step further to consider all dark matter in the entire universe, these new insights imply that dark
energy comes from the highly shrunk or highly compressed spacetime by the huge amount of dark matter in
the universe in extreme high density during the early stage of universe. As the universe expands, the
density of dark matter in the universe is gradually decreasing and, consequently, dark matter is gradually
losing its powerful grip on shrinking or compressing the spacetime at any location in the universe. The
spacetime is, therefore, being gradually released from its highly shrunk or highly compressed state and is
gradually "springing" back to its de-compressed state. Such de-compressing process of the spacetime of
the universe manifests as the unknown dark energy that is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.

In this sense, dark energy is NOT an independent mystery, but is a direct consequence of elasticity of
spacetime plus dark matter having spacetime shrinking characteristics.

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Note: I started presenting this Web Page (6) on January 11, 2017. (The companion Web Page (1) started
on January 3, 2007.) I have been revising and updating this web page from time to time as I gain more
insight and relevant information from my ongoing research on this project. Most recent update of this web
page was on March 23, 2017.


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1. Observed Characteristics of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery on Earth

1.1 The Shrink-and-Grow Mystery on People

At Oregon Vortex in Oregon, USA and several other similar known Mystery Spot areas, the well known Shrink-
and-Grow Mystery is the significant change (by several inches) of relative heights of two persons when they
switch their standing positions on a level platform inside the Mystery Spot area as demonstrated by several
sample movie recordings in the next Section.

1.2. Several Sample Movie Clips of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery

Please see the following six movie clips of demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery at four different
Mystery Spot areas:

A demonstrations of Shrink-and-Grow mystery at Cosmos Mystery Area in South Dakota, USA at:

Web Page (CMA-SD-1): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6r6x4u8RmU


A demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow mystery at Mystery Spot near Santa Cruz in California, USA at:

Web Page (MS-CA): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVGpTh66h30


Demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow mystery at Oregon Vortex in Oregon, USA at:

Web Page (OV-OR): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=743oy55RqX4


Two more demonstrations of Shrink-and-Grow mystery at Cosmos Mystery Area in South Dakota, USA at:

Web Page (CMA-SD-2): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=lz_u5wTjPho

and

Web Page (CMA-SD-3): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeoJM9LP_Lc


The demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in Mystery Hill in North Carolina at:

Web Page (MH-NC): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSnTbgK8erI


There are more movie clips on Shrink-and-Grow mystery posted on YouTube website by other visitors
showing their excitement from their trips to watch such Shrink-and-Grow mystery.

(In such demonstrations, usually the tour guide uses a carpenter's (bubble based) level to convince the group
of tourists watching this Shrink-and-Grow demonstration that the demonstration platform is level because the
liquid bubble in the horizontal tube in carpenter's level is in the middle position indicating a level ground. Some
visitors have also brought in their own carpenter’s levels which also show that the demonstration platform is
level.

However, the eleven sets of evidence in

Web Page (1): http://
www.shltrip.com/Magnetic_Hill.html

indicate that the local gravity in a Mystery Spot area is usually very abnormal and has a significant horizontal
component. With the understanding of such local abnormal local gravity, it is misleading to use the bubble
based carpenter's level to try to convince the visitors that the demonstration platform is level because of effect
of significant horizontal component of gravity is such special locations.)

Notice that in these demonstrations at Cosmos Mystery Area in South Dakota, in Mystery Hill in North Carolina
and at Mystery Spot in Santa Cruz, California, the two standing positions are separated by only about two feet
and yet the relative heights of the two demonstration persons can change so much (2 or 3 inches) when they
switch their standing positions.

Some notes quoted from Internet on Shrink-and-Grow Mystery:

"A guide instructs a person standing at the north post to look straight across and find his or her eye level on
the south post. Then walk to the post. There is an overwhelming feeling, verified by onlookers, that the walker
is shrinking as he or she approaches the south. Turn around and head north, and it feels like the person is
growing."

Mark Cooper (one of the owners of Oregon Vortex) said: “What we’re actually saying is that as you would
walk towards north, you’re physically condensing and thereby getting smaller. No more or less of you, just sort
of taking up less space, like if you were to squeeze a sponge or cool moist materials. And as you walk back
towards the south you’re physically expanding and thereby getting larger expanding. Again, no more or less of
you, just taking up more space.”


1.3.  Is Shrink-and-Grow Mystery an Illusion or Real?

Many people believe, erroneously, that this is just an illusion and that is the end of the story of Mystery Spot
for such believers of Illusion Theory.

However, the 11th set of evidence in Section 2.11 plus the additional ten sets of evidence against Illusion
Theory described in my Web Page (1):

Web Page (1): http://
www.shltrip.com/Magnetic_Hill.html

convince me that this is not an illusion, but is the tip of a huge iceberg. There are tons of very exciting and
challenging science of dark matter underneath. We need to drill down and dig hard to discover those precious
treasures. More research and experiments are necessary to understand the great mysteries in these Mystery
Spot areas as related to dark matter. That is what I have been doing for 23 years and am still continuing
enjoying such research.

In essence, the eleven sets of evidence in Web Page (1) and the analysis in Web Page (2) indicate that the
Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is not an illusion, but is caused by very high concentration of Type B dark matter in a
fountain of dark matter at the center of Mystery Spot area with the signature of significant abnormal local
gravity in the Mystery Spot area. The existence of significant abnormal local gravity at such special location
can be measured and detected by several methods described in my Web Pages (1) and (2).

Web Page (2): http://
www.shltrip.com/Oregon-Vortex.html

The existence of a fountain of Type B high density dark matter is described in Section 5.2.1 in Web Page (2).

The Type A dark matter and Type B dark matter are defined in Web Page (3):

Web Page (3): http://
www.shltrip.com/Two_Populations.html

Such demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is usually repeated many times every day for many tour
groups to see. Sometimes, a large visitor group comes with large number of visitors surrounding the
demonstration. Different visitors see the demonstration from different angles, different distances and different
positions. But all visitors see the same mystery of substantial change in relative height no matter what angle,
what distance or what position that the visitors are looking at the demonstration. Usually, the tour guide let two
visitors stand on the two positions to do the demonstration. Such two visitors as demonstrators looking at each
other also see the same surprising significant change in their relative height.

It is hard for me to believe that this is an illusion because seeing this Shrink-and-Grow mystery does not
require the viewer or the photographer to be at certain special angle or special distance or special position or
special trick to be able to see such significant change in relative height.

It is quite entertaining to all visitors even though nobody, not even the tour guide, know why the relative height
change so much when the two persons switch their standing positions on the level ground.

1.4.  Several Known Mystery Spot Areas

Similar Shrink-and-Grow Mystery exists at several Mystery Spot areas such as:

Oregon Vortex at 4303 Sardine Creek Left Fork Rd, Gold Hill, in southern Oregon, USA.,

Mystery Spot at 465 Mystery Spot Rd, Santa Cruz, in California,

Cosmos Mystery Area at 24040 Cosmos Rd, Rapid City, South Dakota,

Mystery Spot at 150 Martin Lake Road, St. Ignace, Michigan,

Montana Vortex at 7800 Hwy 2 East, Columbia Falls, in Montana,

Confusion Hill at 75001 N. Hwy. 101, Piercy, in California,

Teton Mystery (Spot) at 9800 South US Highway 89, Jackson, in Wyoming,

Mystery Hill  at 129 Mystery Hill Lane, Blowing Rock, North Carolina,

etc.

The typical size of such Mystery Spot area is about 100 feet in diameter but varies from one Mystery Spot to
another Mystery Spot. The distance between the two standing positions on the demonstration platform may be
about two feet to 10 feet. There are often more than one demonstration platform in a given Mystery Spot area.

Historically, there are several kinds of names being used for such Mystery Spot at different locations, such as
Oregon Vortex, Montana Vortex, Cosmos Mystery Area, Mystery Spot, Mystery Hill, Confusion Hill, Teton
Mystery, etc.

In my companion web pages on this project, I shall use Mystery Spots or Mystery Spot Area to refer to these
special locations exhibiting such Shrink-and-Grow Mystery.

1.5. My Personal First Hand Experience of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery

I visited the Mystery Spot near Santa Cruz, California three times: first time in 1993, the second time in 2012
and the third time in 2016.

I visited Oregon Vortex twice: first time in 2004 with pictures on my web page at:

http://
shltrip.com/My_Personal_Experience_in_a_Mystery_Spot.html

The second time in Oregon Vortex was in June 2016. I visited Mystery Hill in North Carolina in 2014 with
pictures as shown on my web page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Mystery_Hill_NC.html

I visited Confusion Hill at Piercy, California in June 2016.

I have also been doing E-mail correspondence with Mr. Nick Nelson who has more than 30 years of
experience as a tour guide in two or more Mystery Spot areas and as a researcher on Mystery Spot areas. I
received lots of valuable information from Mr. Nick Nelson regarding various mysteries in Mystery Spot areas.

With such visits and with the help from Mr. Nick Nelson, I got plenty of my personal experience and valuable
information on such Shrink-and-Grow Mystery plus other mysteries in these Mystery Spot areas.

1.6. Shrink-and-Grow Mystery: Not Just on People But also on Everything in Mystery Spot Areas

I presented the highlights of my 23 year research on this project in a meeting of IEEE (Institute of Electrical
and Electronics Engineers) in Monmouth County Library in Manalapan, New Jersey, USA on September 29,
2016.This meeting was co-sponsored by IEEE New Jersey Coast Life Member Group and IEEE New Jersey
Coast EMC/VT/AP Chapter.

In this IEEE meeting, Dr. Ralph Wyndrum asked the following important question:

Question Q1: Did anybody use a measuring tape to measure the height of the person/demonstrator when the
person moves from one standing position to the other standing position on the demonstration platform of
Shrink-and-Grow Mystery?

1.6.1. Surprise, Surprise and New Discovery!

Trying to answer this question leads me into the important discovery of spacetime shrinking characteristics of
dark matter as described in the following:

The answer to Q1 is yes, such measurements have been done in Oregon Vortex as described in Section 2.2
of my Web Page (5) at:

Web Page (5): http://
www.shltrip.com/Dynamics_of_Gravity-Mysteries.html

But the measurement results are quite surprising in that the measuring tape does not show such change in the
height of the person. In other words, the measurement tape, or other measurement rod or measurement stick,
is also doing Shrink-and-Grow as it is moved from one standing position to the other standing position.
Both
the people and the measurement tape Shrink-and-Grow in the same percentage such that the measurement
tape cannot show such change in the height of the demonstration people. The nature is telling us that Shrink-
and-Grow will happen to everything, not just people, in the Mystery Spot area. Such surprise leads me into
new discovery of Spacetimne Shrinking Characteristic of Dark Matter in Section 2.3.1.

The following quotes from the collected information from Internet indicate that everything, not just people, in
the Mystery Spot area can change height and size:

On a north-south oriented demonstration platform for Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in Oregon Vortex as shown on
the movie clip on Web Page (OV-OR) in Section 1.1:

"The tour guide directs a group of visitors to two poles rising vertically from either end of a narrow wooden
demonstration platform of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery. Though the tour guide claims the two poles are of the
same height, the pole to the right (north side) appears several inches shorter. The tour guide uses a metal rod
for measurements to show the group that both poles are exactly 7 feet in height. She holds the 7-foot rod up
against the right (north side) pole. Same height. As the guide drags the 7-foot rod across the demonstration
platform, the 7-foot rod appears to lengthen until it seems to be the same height as the left (south side) pole.
The two poles are of identical height (as measured by the metal rod), although the south one appears much
taller."

Such surprising measurement results provide us a preliminary hint that the sizes of the demonstration person
and the measurement tape shrink (or expand) by the same percentage when the demonstration person and
the measurement tape move from one standing position to the other standing position on the demonstration
platform.

Although the measuring tape does not show such change in height of demonstration person, the human eye
staying at a fixed location can see such change of height and the camera lens staying at a fixed location can
also see and record such picture or movie of change of height of the demonstration person as shown on the
movie clip in Web Page (MH-NC) from North Carolina and on similar sample movies in Section 1 from several
other Mystery Spot areas.

Such Shrink-and-Grow Mystery does not require the viewer to be at any special distance or any special angle
or any special location to see such significant change of relative height when the two persons switch their
standing positions.

1.7.
Mysterious Dynamics in Mystery Spot Areas:

Most visitors spend only about half hour in a Mystery Spot area and saw only a few snapshots of several
different mysteries in the Mystery Spot Area.

But tour guides, owners of Mystery Spot areas and some researchers who work for several months or several
years in Mystery Spot areas see much more. They see even more strange, slow time variations of those
different mysteries.

The long term slow time variations of the mysteries in Mystery Spot areas as reported on Internet are
collected on my Web Page (6) at:

Web Page (6): http://www.shltrip.com/Space_Shrinking_Capability_of_Dark_Matter.html

I collected the information on dynamics of time variations of mysteries in several Mystery Spot areas from the
reports available on Internet on the List in Appendix A at the end of web page (5).

The following reported strange dynamics of mysteries are quoted from References A to J in Appendix A of
Web Page (5).

1.7.1.  Shrink-and-Grow Phenomenon Varies with Time

"These anomalies are highly dynamic in that the percentage change of height in the Shrink-and-Grow
phenomenon will vary over time. The change in size alters from one day to the next, during the same day, and
also within three to four minutes depending on where in the vortex the effect is measured."

1.7.2. Standing at a Given Position in a Mystery Spot Area, the Height of a Person Changes Slowly with Time

People's heights are not supposed to change when they are standing still at a given location. But in a Mystery
Spot area the story is very different, their heights do change slowly even when they are standing still at a given
location in a Mystery Spot area.

"In the mid seventies the owner of the Oregon Vortex, Ernie Cooper, showed N. Nelson at the location of these
same poles that a person standing stationary over a period of a few minutes would have his eye level view of
the opposite pole automatically change."

"All tour guides after a time on the job in most of the attractions notice that the Shrink-and-Grow effect can’t be
counted on to be the same from one day to the next, or even from one hour to the next. Two young tour guides
who worked with Nelson in 2000, Bryton and Clare, were goofing off between tours one day at the poles and
rediscovered what he (Nelson) and Vogt already knew. They excitedly showed him and the owner that if they
stood very still on the pole platform staring at one another for three or four minutes, one could watch the other
grow and shrink. The effect is slow enough so that the eye doesn’t catch the motion, but the brain at intervals
realizes that it is now looking at the other person from a different height."

1.7.3. Even The Landscape in Mystery Spot Areas Also Change over Time!

"As part of the research for his book,
N. Nelson tried to make maps of the area within the Oregon Vortex, but
found his efforts to be scrupulously accurate thwarted by the dynamics of the field, i.e., changes in the
landscape. He would carefully measure every building and other features like the demo platforms, make
drawings of them based on compass readings, and then go home to turn the sketches into a carefully drawn
map. The next day with the new map in hand he would check it for accuracy. No matter how careful his
measurements and compass readings, he never got any of the maps to match the next day’s reality check."

“I would stand in a certain spot, for instance lining up the side of a building with a fence post, and then the
fence post with a tree trunk. If all three were in perfect visual alignment, I’d take a compass reading, and then
mark the spot where my feet were. The next day when standing on the exact same spot and peering down the
outer wall of the building the fence post might be out of alignment by a couple of degrees of arc, and worse,
the tree truck off this line that used to be straight would be off by an even greater angle. I never really got
used to this sort of thing. Always, a violent shiver invariably ran up my spine. The scenery is not supposed to
move!”

"Compasses when used inside the vortex to sight objects outside of it work properly, however the compass
when used to sight objects inside the vortex are unreliable. A magnetic compass needle may point directly at
an object, but in an hour or so will point to one side of that object by a few degrees. This effect is a larger
aspect of the dynamics of the area as opposed to a direct malfunction of the compass."

"close attention shows that a compass inside these areas always points without variance to the same
landscape feature outside the line of demarcation. It only diverges from its last reading when used to line up
items inside the vortex."

"The only conclusion left is that ...the scenery really does move! That, of course, leaves a few rather thorny
questions hanging: What does this say about the nature of the scenery? If the scenery moves, therefore being
influenced by what appears to be a very subtle force, what is it made out of? If trees and fence posts can be
easily pushed around the yard inside the vortex, what about those same kind of items outside a vortex? What
are we made out of?"

2. Trying to Understand Such Observed Behavior of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery

There are several possible factors contributing jointly to such dramatic change in relative height in Shrink-and-
Grow Mystery: (1) Space shrinking by very high concentration of Type B dark matter in a fountain of dark
matter in Mystery Spot area, (2) The distance of the demonstration platform to the center of Mystery Spot
area, (3) the length of the demonstration platform, (4) the gravity vector in Mystery Spot is not normal, not
pointing down vertically, and is tilted with the tilting angle that varies with location, (5) the demonstration
platform of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is not perfectly level, (6) the strength of gravity is not normal and varies
with location and (7) the location of the fountain for Type B high density dark matter may be moving slowly.

2.1. Assessment of Relative Contributions of These Factors

The Mystery Spot Area in Santa Cruz has at least three demonstration platforms of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery:
One is near the entrance area and is relatively far away (may be about 100 feet) from the Mystery House and
far away from the center of Mystery Spot area, and the remaining two are very close (less than 10 feet) to the
Mystery House and are very close to the center of the Mystery Spot area. The relative contributions of these  
factors depend on whether the location of the demonstration is far away or near the center of the Mystery
Spot area.

2.2. For Shrink-and-Grow Mystery Demonstration Platforms Far From Center

When we look at the movie and the associated screen-shot pictures of the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in
Mystery Hill in North Carolina in the following YouTube website:

Web Page (MH-NC): https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSnTbgK8erI

We get the impression that Factors 2 to 5 may contribute only a small fraction to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery
because the potential tilt angles are all very small. I have also seen other similar movies and associated
pictures from other Mystery Spots in other locations. They also show that factors 2 to 5 may contribute only a
small fraction of the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery.

The results of my body weight measurements in Mystery Spot in Santa Cruz, in Confusion Hill in northern
California and in Oregon Vortex in southern Oregon imply that Factor 6 is also a minor contributor to the Shrink-
and-Grow Mystery.

Therefore, we will focus on the most important contributor, Factor (1), in the following Sections 2.3 and move
the detailed descriptions of minor contributors, Factors 2 to 6 to Appendix A.

2.3. Effect of Space Shrinking by High Concentration of Type B Dark Matter

Hypothesis 1 in Section 1.1. of my Web Page (2)

Web Page (2): http://
www.shltrip.com/Oregon-Vortex.html

indicates that Type B dark matter can clump together into very high density because Type B dark matter can
shed more energy through certain dissipative processes involving yet unknown dark interaction processes
(such as dark radiation or dark force or dark light, or fifth fundamental force or dark photon, etc.) in the dark
sector of universe as described in Sections 1 and 8 in my Web Page (3):

Web Page (3): http://
www.shltrip.com/Two_Populations.html

The observed characteristics of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in Sections 1.1 to 1.7 provide important hints and
tips that the shrinking of space by very high concentration of Type B dark matter in the fountain of dark matter
may be the main contributor to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery when the demonstration platform is relatively far
away from the center of the Mystery Spot area. Such hints and tips in Section 1.1 to 1.7 guided me into the
formulation of the following Hypothesis 5 for the Space Shrinking characteristics of Dark Matter.

2.3.1. Hypothesis 5 on Space Shrinking Characteristic of Dark Matter:

The concentration of very high density Type B dark matter in the core of the fountain of dark matter in a
Mystery Spot area shrinks slightly (a few percent) of the space in the vicinity area near the fountain of Type B
high density dark matter. The amount of space shrinking increases with the total mass of the very high
concentration of Type B dark matter, but decreases as the distance increases away from the location of very
high concentration of Type B dark matter.

(Hypothesis 1 to 4 and the definition of Fountain of Dark Matter are in Web Page (2))

Such shrinking of space is not visible to us directly. But when there are our familiar ordinary matter in the
vicinity area near the very high concentration of Type B dark matter, the sizes of all molecules of all ordinary
matters shrink slightly because the space where these molecules are located shrinks slightly. In this way, the
shrinking of space becomes shrinking of the sizes of all objects made of ordinary matter and is visible when
our familiar ordinary matters are in such area.

Since the two standing positions of the demonstration platform of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery have different
distances to the location of the core of fountain of very high concentration of Type B dark matter in the
Mystery Spot area, the percentage shrinking of the space at these two standing positions are different.
Therefore, the height of a demonstration person and the length of a measuring tape can change by several
inches (i.e., a few percent) when the person and the measuring tape moves from one standing position to the
other standing position.

Another way to explain the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is that many of such demonstration platforms are on the
line of demarcation where the first standing position is inside the Mystery Spot area whereas the second  
standing position is outside of the Mystery Spot area with the line of demarcation exactly in the middle
between these two standing positions. The first standing position is inside the Mystery Spot area where there
are lots of Type B dark matter particles that shrink the space. The second standing position is outside the
Mystery Spot area where there are NO Type B dark matter and therefore very little shrinking of space.
Therefore, the relative height of the two persons change several inches when they switch between these two
standing positions in two very different "world". (The line of demarcation is explained in Section 5.2.1. in Web
Page (2)).

2.3.2. Warping of Space vs Shrinking of Space, Similarity and Difference

Notice that Hypothesis 5 is somewhat similar to warping of spacetime predicted in Einstein's Theory of
Relativity. The Theory of Relativity predicts that massive object (or energy) warps (or curves or bends)
spacetime in its vicinity. But the very high concentration of Type B dark matter in Hypothesis 5 seems to do
more than just warping space, it shrinks the space in the vicinity of high concentration of Type B dark matter.

Furthermore, several investigators had also made some clock speed measurements or crystal oscillation
frequency measurements both inside and outside of a Mystery Spot Area as described in Section 2.6. in Web
Page (1). Such measurement results also indicate that clock speed inside the Mystery Spot area is slower
slightly relative to that outside of the Mystery Spot Area. Therefore, combining such clock speed
measurements with Hypothesis 5 indicates that the very high concentration of Type B dark matter in the
fountain of dark matter in Mystery Spot area also change or distort the fabric of spacetime, similar to the
warping of spacetime predicted by Einstein's Theory of Relativity.

The warping of spacetime as predicted by Einstein's Theory of Relativity has been proven by many astronomy
observations and is well known as gravitational lensing. The gravitation lensing has been used extensively in
astronomy observations where the huge mass of a star (such as the sun) or of the entire galaxy or of the
entire galaxy cluster bends the path of light originating from a distance star or galaxy such that the image of
the light source as viewed from earth appears as distorted or as multiple light sources or as an Einstein Ring.
In such gravitational lensing, the total mass (of a star, a galaxy or a galaxy cluster) is huge and the distance is
often inter-galactic distance of many light years.

As a contrast, in Shrink-and-Grow Mystery involving shrinking of space, the density of Type B dark matter is
very high in the core of the fountain of dark matter and is greater than that of ordinary matter on earth surface
by at least three order of magnitude, but the distance of observations is quite short in the order feet. Here in
Shrink-and-Grow Mystery, we are observing the shrinking or expansion of the physical size of object made of
ordinary matter, such as human being or measuring tape, within a short distance of a few feet. We are not
seeing the distorted image or multiple images or Einstein Ring through bending of light path through light-year
of inter-galactic distance in gravitational lensing.

I am not sure if the shrinking of space by the fountain of very high density Type B dark matter is the same as
the warping of spacetime by huge mass of star or galaxy or galaxy cluster in gravitational lensing. May be a
fountain of ordinary matter can also shrink the space in its vicinity, but the density of ordinary matter is usually
lower than that of fountain of Type B dark matter in Mystery Spot area by at least three order of magnitude.
This means that the shrinking of space by a fountain of ordinary matter may be only in the order of 0.001
percent or less and is practically negligible such that nobody get excited about it.  But the density of Type B
dark matter in the core of the fountain of dark matter in the Mystery Spot area is so high that the shrinking of
the space becomes a few percent, becomes observable and becomes the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery that get
everybody very excited.

2.3.3. Elasticity of Empty Spacetime

2.3.3.A According to Einstein's Theory of Relativity, massive object (or energy) tells the fabric of spacetime
how to warp. Then the warped spacetime tells the object how to move through the warped spacetime and tells
the light how to bend its path through the warped spacetime.

2.3.3.B We also know that dark energy acts like anti-gravity to accelerate the expansion of space.

2.3.3.C Now, from Shrink-and-Grow Mystery, we learn that very high concentration of Type B dark matter in a
fountain of dark matter tells the fabric of spacetime in its vicinity how much to shrink.  

Important Finding 2.3.3.: Combing such understandings in 233A, 233B and 233C seems to indicate that  
spacetime is quite elastic, can be warped, or shrunk (compressed) or expanded like a sponge.

But we still do not know:

Question Q2: Why massive object (or energy) can warp spacetime? How massive object (or energy) warps  
spacetime?

Question Q3: Why very high concentration of Type B dark matter in the fountain of dark matter can shrink
spacetime? How dark matter shrinks spacetime?

We need to drill down and dig hard with more research in the future to understand the deeper level of physics
in Q2 and Q3.

3. Mystery on Strong Correlation in Galactic Organizations and New Physics

We are lucky to be able to see the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery in the small Mystery Spot area of about 100 feet
because of the ability of Type B dark matter to clump together into very high density in the core of the fountain
of dark matter. With careful and probing study of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery I discover the space shrinking
characteristics of dark matter at least on the small scale of Mystery Spot area of about 100 feet.

Based on such small scale demonstration of space shrinking by dark matter, we naturally wonder if the huge
amount of dark matter in dark matter halo surrounding a galaxy also shrink the space in the scale of galaxy?

The answer to this question seems to be yes from the data published by
Paolo Salucci and his colleagues.

New statistical analysis of 36 mini-spiral galaxies by astrophysicist
Paolo Salucci and his colleagues at Italy's
International School for Advanced Studies (IISAS) revealed an unexpected strong correlation between the
organization of dark matter and organization of ordinary matter in each mini-spiral galaxy. If, for example,
ordinary matter was condensed at the center of a mini-spiral galaxy, so too was dark matter. If the bulk of
ordinary matter was scattered across the outskirts of the galaxy, so too was dark matter.

They indicate that the Standard Model assumes that dark matter would not interact with ordinary matter
except through gravity and the Standard Model of physics fails to predict such strong correlation. They believe
that their observed strong correlation between organization of dark matter and organization of ordinary matter
demands a new model of physics. They also believe that the analyzed 36 mini-spiral galaxies is just the tip of
iceberg, and that the strong correlation also exists in many other galaxies. The relationship is easy to measure
yet impossible to explain using the Standard Model of physics.

From my viewpoint, the required new model of physics to explain such strong correlation are my discovery of
spacetime shrinking characteristics of dark matter (Hypothesis 4 in Section 4 and Hypothesis 5 in Section
2.3.1) and my finding of elasticity of spacetime (Important Finding 2.3.3 in Section 2.3.3.). If dark matter are
condensed at the center of a mini-spiral galaxy, the condensed dark matter with higher density has stronger
spacetime shrinking power and shrinks (compresses) the spacetime of the galaxy strongly such that the
ordinary matter is also condensed at the center. On the other hand, if the bulk of dark matter is scattered
across the outskirts of the galaxy, the lower density of dark matter has weaker spacetime shrinking power and
shrinks the spacetime of the galaxy weakly. Therefore, the ordinary matter is also scattered across the
outskirts of the galaxy.

We know that most dark matter in galaxy dark matter halo are Type A dark matter and that only Type B dark
matter can clump together into very high density in the core of the fountain of dark matter in a Mystery Spot
area. From the spacetime shrinking capability of dark matter in both the small scale of a Mystery Spot area in
Sections 2 and on galactic scale in Section 3, we learn that:

4. Hypothesis 6: Both Type A and Type B dark matter can shrink spacetime.

From Einstein's Theory of Relativity, we know that ordinary matter can warp spacetime. But so far I still do not
know if ordinary matter can also shrink spacetime. I will watch for possible evidence to tell us if ordinary
matter can also shrink spacetime.

We also learn that:

5. Hypothesis 7: Dark matter can interact with ordinary matter not only through gravity, but also through
spacetime shrinking characteristics of dark matter.


6. Dark Energy: Spacetime Shrinking by Dark Matter on the Scale of Entire Universe as the source of Dark
Energy

The estimated size of the core of the fountain of high density Type B dark matter in a Mystery Spot area on
earth is small in the order of feet. This means the total mass of high density Type B dark matter in the fountain
of dark matter is very small as compared to that of an entire galaxy (including the dark matter halo) or of an
entire galaxy cluster (including all dark matter in it) or of the entire universe.

Since the total mass of dark matter of an entire galaxy or of galaxy cluster or of entire universe is huge as
compared to that of the fountain of high density Type B dark matter in a Mystery Spot area, then according to
Hypothesis 5, the spacetime shrinking power of all dark matter in a galaxy or a galaxy cluster or the entire
universe is much stronger than that of the fountain of high density dark matter in a Mystery Spot area. This
means that in the early stage of the universe, the very strong spacetime shrinking power of the huge mass of
all dark matter in the entire universe in high concentration state had strongly shrunk or compressed the
spacetime of the early universe.

As the universe expands, the distances among dark matter particles increase greatly and the distances at any
given location in the universe to all the dark matter particles in the universe are also increasing rapidly. Then
according to Hypothesis 5, the spacetime shrinking power at any given location in the universe due to all dark
matter is decreasing rapidly as the universe expands. In other words, as the universe expands, the dark matter
in the universe is gradually losing its powerful grip on shrinking or compressing the spacetime at any location in
the universe. The spacetime in the universe, especially in the inter-galactic space is, therefore, being gradually
released from its highly shrunk or highly compressed state and is gradually "springing" back to its de-
compressed state. Such de-compressing process of the spacetime of the universe manifests as the unknown
dark energy that is driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.

The bottom line is that dark energy comes from the highly shrunk or highly compressed spacetime by the huge
amount of dark matter of the universe in extreme high density state during the early stage of universe.

In this sense, dark energy is NOT an independent mystery, but is a direct consequence of elasticity of
spacetime plus dark matter having spacetime shrinking characteristics.

7. Measured Time Varying Hubble "Constant" and New Physics

The
precision measurements of the rate of expansion of the universe, known as Hubble "Constant" by several
teams of scientists indicate that the rate of expansion of the universe is not a constant but is increasing with
time. For example, the measured rate of expansion in 2015 is 41.6 miles (66.9 km) per second per
megaparsec whereas the measured rate of expansion in 2016 is around 44.7 miles (71.9 kilometers) per
second per megaparsec. The teams of scientists in such measurements indicates that such data may possibly
point towards new physics beyond our current knowledge of the Universe.

From my viewpoint, the required new physics for time varying Hubble Constant are my discovery of spacetime
shrinking characteristics of dark matter (Hypothesis 4 in Section 4 and Hypothesis 5 in Section 2.3.1) and my
finding of elasticity of spacetime (Important Finding 2.3.3 in Section 2.3.3.) in the model described in Section 6
with the bottom line saying that dark energy comes from the highly shrunk or highly compressed spacetime by
the huge amount of dark matter of the universe in extreme high density state during the early stage of universe.

As the universe expands, the density of dark matter is decreasing such that the dark matter in the universe is
gradually losing its powerful grip on shrinking or compressing the spacetime at any location in the universe. The
spacetime in the universe, especially in the inter-galactic space is, therefore, being gradually released from its
highly shrunk or highly compressed state and is gradually "springing" back to its de-compressed state. Such
de-compressing process of the spacetime of the universe manifests as the unknown dark energy that is driving
the accelerated expansion of the universe. Therefore, the precision measured rate of expansion of universe
should be increasing from 2015 to 2016 as predicted by my theory or my new physics.

8. Trying to Understand the Observed Slow Time Variations of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery

One of the key reasons for the slow time variations of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery described in Sections 1.7 is
due to the slow movements of the fountain of high density Type B dark matter as described in Section 5.8.1 in
Web Page (2) and in Section 3 in Web Page (5).

Web Page (5): http://
www.shltrip.com/Dynamics_of_Gravity-Mysteries.html

9. More on Shrinking of Spacetime by Type B High Density Dark Matter

9.1. Effects of High Density Dark Matter on Human Being and Other Animals

It is also noted that such shrinking of sizes of all molecules by a few percent in the human body by the fountain  
of high density dark matter may be another reason that many visitors feel seasick, or motion sickness or
nausea or dizzy or ringing in their ears when these visitors are in a Mystery Spot area as described in my web
page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Effect_of_Mystery_Spot_on_Human_Being.html

9.2. Strange Failures of Some Electronic Devices in Mystery Spot Area

Such shrinking of spacetime by the fountain of high density dark matter may be also one of the reasons
causing strange failures or malfunction of some digital electronic devices when such devices are in the Mystery
Spot area as described in Section 8.3 of my Web Page (3). Some of such digital electronic devices are using
highly miniaturized Integrated Circuit (IC). The shrinking of space by the fountain of high density dark matter in
a Mystery Spot area may squeeze too much on these highly miniaturized IC leading into their failures or
malfunction.


***********************************************************

Appendix A - Other Contributors to Shrink-and-Grow Mystery For Cases When Shrink-and-Grow Mystery
Demonstration Platforms are Closer to Mystery House

Nick Nelson has many years of experience working as a tour guide in Mystery Spot areas and has also been
doing research on Mystery Spots for many years. Thanks to Dan Shaw, in-depth description of Nick Nelson's
valuable experience on Shrink-and-Grow Mystery can be seen in the following Web Page (DS) of Dan Shaw:

Web Page (DS): http://
www.vortexmaps.com/pdfs/golden-vortex-chap-1.pdf

According to Page 5 on Web Page (DS), the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery on the ten feet long demonstration
platform near the Mystery House and near the center of the Mystery Spot area is much stronger and startling
because the change of height of the demonstration person is as much as eight to ten inches. This is much
greater than 2 to 3 inches change of height observed on the demonstration platforms of examples in Section 1
near the entrance but far away from the center of the Mystery Spot area.

Note: In Oregon Vortex and some other Mystery Spot Areas, there are more than one demonstration
platforms for Shrink-and-Grow Mystery demonstration. Some are close to the Mystery House (i.e., closer to
center of Mystery Spot area) and some are far away from the Mystery House.

For convenient of discussion, I shall refer to this 10 feet long demonstration platform near the Mystery House
in Oregon Vortex as Demonstration Platform C, where C denotes that it is close to the Center of the Mystery
Spot area. I shall refer to those demonstration platforms far away from the Mystery House as Demonstration
Platform F where F denotes that it is far away from center of the Mystery Spot area.

The several factors contributing to such greater change of height are discussed in the following:

A.1. Longer Demonstration Platform

This Demonstration Platform C near the Mystery House in Oregon Vortex is 10 feet long whereas the
demonstration platforms in other samples in Section 1 are mostly only 2 to 3 feet. According to Hypothesis 5,
the percentage shrinking of space depends on the distance to the core of the fountain of high density Type B
dark matter. The greater distance of 10 feet yields greater difference in percentage shrinking of space
between the two standing positions on Demonstration Platform C.

A.2. Closer to Mystery House and to the Center of Mystery Spot Area

The Demonstration Platform C in Oregon Vortex is close to the Mystery House which is close to the center of
the Mystery Spot Area. The center of the Mystery Spot area is the location of the core of the fountain of high
density dark matter.

According to Hypothesis 5, the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery becomes stronger when the demonstration platform
is closer to the center of Mystery Spot Area and when the demonstration platform is pointing toward the
center of the Mystery Spot area so that one standing position is very close to the center of the Mystery Spot
area whereas the second standing position is 10 feet farther away from the center. Such location and
configuration contribute to stronger Shrink-and-Grow Mystery with greater change of height when the two
persons switch their standing positions.

A.3. Slightly Tilted Demonstration Platform

Although the tour guide or some visitors use a carpenter’s level with liquid bubble to show watching tourists
that the liquid bubble is in the middle position in the carpenter’s level implying that the Demonstration Platform
C is “level”, but we know that the Mystery Spot area has significant abnormal local gravity. The horizontal
component of the abnormal local gravity in a Mystery Spot area is very strong at the locations near the
Mystery House which is near the center of the Mystery Spot area.

The strong horizontal component of the significant abnormal local gravity can act on the liquid bubble such that
the carpenter’s level cannot tell if the demonstration platform is really level or not in such special location. In
other words, the use of carpenter's level in such special location is misleading and the Demonstration Platform
C is tilted in spite of the false indication by the bubble of carpenter’s level. Therefore, the tilted Demonstration
Platform C may be a significant contributor to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery at such special location.

A.4. Direction of Gravity Vector varies with location in a Mystery Spot Area

The horizontal component of the abnormal local gravity in a Mystery Spot area is very strong at locations near
the Mystery House which is near the center of the Mystery Spot area.

As explained in Section 2.8 of my companion Web Page (1) at:

Web Page (1): http://
www.shltrip.com/Magnetic_Hill.html

the leaning angle of free standing people in Mystery Spot varies with location. The body leaning angle may be
as much as 17 degrees at the first standing position which is very close to the center of the Mystery Spot
area. But the body leaning angle may be smaller on the second standing position which is 10 feet further away
from the center of the Mystery Spot area. In other words, the "upright" postures of the two persons in such
demonstration of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery are not perfectly upright and not perfectly parallel to each other.
They have a difference in several degrees in their body leaning angles. Such difference in their body leaning
angles may also contributes significantly to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery at the location of the Demonstration
Platform C very close to the Mystery House.

A.5. Body Weight varies with location in A Mystery Spot Area

A key factor to understand the contribution of this effect to the Shrink-and-Grow mystery is:

Known Fact 1: Astronauts grow taller by 2 to 3 inches when they are in space under weightless condition. This
known fact is described in several sample references in Appendix B. This known fact indicates that human
height is not constant, but depends strongly on the strength of local gravity pulling down on the human body (i.
e., body weight).

According to Hypothesis 2 on Web Page (2), there is a very narrow stream as the core of fountain of Type B
high density dark matter at the special location of a Mystery Spot. This core of narrow stream of Type B high
density dark matter is the source of the significant abnormal local gravity at such special location.

The two standing positions on the demonstration platform have different distances to the core of fountain of
dark matter as the source of significant abnormal local gravity. Therefore, the strengths of abnormal gravity at
these two standing positions can be different because of different distances to the powerful source of
abnormal local gravity.

I went to Mystery Spot in Santa Cruz, California twice to do the experiment of
measuring my body weight on
the two standing positions of Demonstration Platform F of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery near the entrance of the
Mystery Spot in Santa Cruz. I also did such body weight measurements in Oregon Vortex in southern Oregon
and in Confusion Hill in northern California. One of the purposes for such body weight measurements is for me
to estimate the contribution of gravity variation (i.e., Factor 6) to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery. (The second
purpose of this experiment is to prove the existence of significant abnormal gravity in a Mystery Spot area.)

However, my body weight measurements indicate that the body weight variation between the two standing
positions is only a minor contributor to the Shrink-and-Grow Mystery because:
(a) The astronauts grow taller by 2 to 3 inches when they go from normal gravity on the ground to the
weightless condition in space (i.e., 100% reduction in gravity pull on their bodies.), but
(b) My body weight measurements indicate that the difference in body weight in the two standing positions of
Demonstration Platform F of Shrink-and-Grow Mystery is only about 2.5% and the body weight difference is
negligible when near the Mystery House. (But the horizontal component of gravity is very strong when near the
Mystery House). This is much less than the 100% reduction of gravity as experienced by the astronauts in
space. Therefore, the contribution of body weight variation in the two standing positions to the Shrink-and-
Grow Mystery should be very small.

***********************************

Appendix B - Some Sample References on Astronauts Grow Taller when they are in Space under Weightless
Condition

Reference B1: Effects of Space on the Human Body at:

http://
www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/space_health/background/


Reference B2: SPACE TRAVEL AND THE EFFECTS OF WEIGHTLESSNESS ON THE HUMAN BODY

http://
media.yurisnight.net/outreach/janetsplanetcurriculum/educator-microgravity_science_stu.pdf


Reference B3: Living in Space

<http://
">www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Astronauts/Living_in_space>