Spectacular Eastern Sierra in Eastern California
Part 2: from Mammoth Lake to Lake Tahoe
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Another view from east shore of Lake Tahoe.

We stayed in a motel in South Lake Tahoe for the night of April 29, 2012. The hotel manager told us that last
year on April 29, 2011, there were 4 feet of snow on the ground in Lake Tahoe area. We were lucky in that
there were no snow on the ground in this week in 2012 while we were touring Eastern Sierra. This winter and
spring in 2012 had been exceptionally warm such that we could tour the Eastern Sierra in April without snow
closure on most of the roads. On the other hand, there were still lots of snow on the high mountain peaks such
that Eastern Sierra mountains with snow caps look very beautiful and impressive in April 2012.
Another view of Emerald Bay with snow clad mountains at a distance. The amazing alpine landscape vividly
displays a striking array of colors and texture. The scenery is spectacular. A panoramic view of Emerald Bay
is on my web page at:

/
www.shltrip.com/Panoramic_Views_Part_2__in_Eastern_Sierra.html
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太浩湖 幽深秀麗碧藍的翡翠灣,一灣碧水微泛漣漪,湖中小船悠悠,小島婷婷玉立, 四
周山巒環抱,林木蔥鬱,翠綠如畫,最富詩情畫意, 讓人覺得有如置身仙境一般。

Fantastic view of beautiful Emerald Bay (翡翠灣 ) on southwest shore of Lake Tahoe in eastern
California, USA as viewed from Emerald Bay Overlook. The air is crisp and clean, the sun warm, the
sky a deep blue. Emerald Bay is one of Lake Tahoe's most photographed and popular locations. We
arrived at Emerald Bay in the afternoon of April 29, 2012.

Map: Click here to see an interactive Google Map showing location of Emerald Bay in Lake Tahoe
湖水湛藍澄淨,待客輕舟缓缓行,碧波滢滢,那份浪漫與寧静,使人恍入世外桃源一般。

Another awesome view of the magnificent Emerald Bay in Lake Tahoe. In 1969, Emerald Bay was designated
a National Natural Landmark for its brilliant panorama of mountain-building processes and glacier carved
granite.
A view from eastern shore of Lake Tahoe against the sun light.
湛藍色清澈見底的湖水。

Crystal clear water in Lake Tahoe.
A view from north shore of Lake Tahoe.
Magnificent Tufa towers, Mono's Magnificent Monuments, on South Tufa grove at south shore of Mono Lake.

Tufa is essentially common limestone. What is uncommon about this limestone is the way it forms. Typically,
underwater hot springs rich in super-saturated calcium  mix with cool lake water rich in carbonates (the stuff in
baking soda). As the calcium comes in contact with carbonates in the lake, a chemical reaction occurs
resulting in calcium carbonate -- limestone. The calcium carbonate precipitates (settles out of solution as a
solid) around the underwater hot spring, and over the course of decades to centuries, a Tufa tower will grow.
Tufa towers grow exclusively underwater, and some grow to heights of over 30 feet.

The reason visitors see so much Tufa towers around Mono Lake above water today is because the lake
water level fell dramatically after water diversions by California Aqueduct began in 1941.
Many trouts in the ponds in Hot Creek State Fish Hatchery
When that fish feeding truck sprayed the fish food into the fish pond, all those trouts in the pond went into a
feeding frenzy such that the water surface looks like boiling.

Both Hot Creek State Fish Hatchery and Hot Creek Geologic Site are on the same unpaved pebble road of
Hot Creek Hatchery Road on the east side of U S 395. To reach this road, from junction of U S 395 and
Benton Crossing Road near Crowley Lake, take U S 395 northwest for about 2 miles, then turn right (east)
into Hot Creek Road. Then follow the sign on Hot Creek Road. (Near the small Mammoth-Yosemite Airport
and 3.5 miles south of the junction of U S 395 and Highway 203.)
A waterfall near Emerald Bay Overlook. Waterfalls roar and streams dance and splash.
The frozen Tioga Lake along Tioga Pass Road.
We kept going up for several miles until we reached a road blockade with a sign of "Road Closed" probably
near the Tioga Pass. April is still too early to try to go through the entire Tioga Pass Road. So, we turned back
down to Lee Vining/Mono Lake to tour other parts of Eastern Sierra.
如此畫面實在是美不勝收!

Zoom in on the Fannette Island and the Tea House on the top in Emerald Bay.
A view of Lake Tahoe from west shore. After touring Emerald Bay, we drove around Lake Tahoe to enjoy
more views of Lake Tahoe.
While driving around Lake Tahoe, we noticed this very special lake front Kaiser Estate with the name of "Fleur
Du Lac"  located on Lake Tahoe's magical West Shore. Initially, this Estate was created in 1938 as an
exclusive hideaway for Henry J. Kaiser and the heads of the other five companies who joined forces to build
the Hoover Dam:

Morrison-Knudsen Co. -- (Built the Trans Alaskan Pipeline)
Utah Construction -- (Merged with GE in 1976)
J.F. Shea Co. -- (Built the Golden Gate Bridge)
Pacific Bridge Company -- (Built the Tacoma Narrows Bridge)
MacDonald & Kahn Ltd.

It was built for the big celebrating party of the completion of the construction of the huge Hoover Dam on
Colorado River. More details about this very special lake front estate can be seen at the following YouTube
movies and its associated commentaries at:

http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=UmIMOsiWcZg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzvy4x96ePg
Mono Lake.

We toured the Mono Lake area in the late afternoon of  April 27 and the morning of April 28.
More Tufa towers in South Tufa grove.

Map: Click here to see a local map of Mono Lake area.

To reach South Tufa grove: From Lee Vining, take U S 395 south for 5 miles, then turn left (east) into Highway
120 East and go east for 5 miles, then turn left (north) at the sign of South Tufa/Navy Beach. Then travel north
1 mile on this unpaved road to the parking lot of South Tufa grove.

There is a one-mile loop trail for visitors to go near the shoreline to see these Tufa towers.
An osprey (fish hawk) built a nest on the top of a Tufa tower in south Tufa grove..
Four of many waterfowl on Mono Lake.
Many gulls on a Tufa island in Mono Lake. It is surprising to find a "seagull" in this area of mountains and
deserts, but the California Gull depends upon Mono Lake to offer food and safe nesting and mating areas.
Each spring about 50,000 gulls (approximately 85 percent of the California breeding population) fly to Mono
Lake and feed along the shoreline, and bathe and drink at the freshwater inlets. Alkali flies and brine shrimp
form their main food supply.
Many swallows are flying around and nesting on this Tufa tower at the north shore of Mono Lake near Mono
Lake (County) Park.
Swallows nesting on the Tufa tower.
Swallows also built many nests on the Visitor Center of Mono Lake.
A board walk trail from Mono Lake (County) Park to the north shoreline of Mono Lake.

To reach Mono Lake (County) Park, from Lee Vining go north on U S 395 for 4.5 miles, then turn right (East)
onto Cemetery Road. Head down the hill on Cemetery Road for a short distance to the County Park parking
lot on the right. (See the local map of Mono Lake listed above.)
Panum Crater near Mono Lake. When one drives on Highway 120 East to the parking lot of South Tufa grove,
one can see Panum Crater on the left (north) side and several cinder cone craters on the right (south) side.
These volcanic craters indicate that Mono Lake area is in a volcanic region such that there are underwater hot
springs in Mono Lake creating those Tufa towers.
Steaming pools of hot spring at Hot Creek Geologic Site.
Warning sign of scalding water at the Hot Creek Geologic Site.
Broader view of Hot Creek and Hot Spring pools at the Hot Creek Geologic Site. From the parking area, you
can walk down the gorge to view a fascinating variety of mud pots, hot springs/pools, and fumaroles. This is
just one of many hot springs in this area.
This truck came out to feed the fish by shooting/spraying out fish food into the fish pond from a metal pipe on
the right side of this truck.
Many seagulls also join the party of feeding frenzy when the feeding truck was spraying fish food into the fish
pond.
This is one of the three fish hatcheries near U S 385 when we were touring Eastern Sierra.
At Lee Vining, we also drove west onto the famous Tioga Pass Road (i.e., Highway 120 West) along Lee
Vining Canyon which is a spectacular glacial canyon leading to the eastern entrance to Yosemite National Park.
This is the highest paved route in California. This road climbs through the steep canyon, affording incredible
views of the rugged landscape. It has several pullouts for visitors to enjoy the fantastic views.
Scenery along Tioga Pass Road
A section of the winding Tioga Pass Road climbing up the canyon.
A magnificent horsetail waterfalls on the June Lake Loop ( Highway 158) which is known as "Switzerland of
California"  because the community is built on hills and meadows in this subalpine valley surrounded by beautiful
high mountain peaks. It is a few miles southwest of Mono Lake. I also took a movie clip of this beautiful
horsetail waterfalls in action as shown on the YouTube website at:

http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=9flVxGGXyro&feature=youtu.be
Gondola and chairlift on Mammoth Mountain Ski Resort Area. The gondola climbs up Mammoth's Summit to
11,053-ft. The address is 1 Minaret Road (Route 203) Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546. To reach Gondola for
summit of Mammoth Mountain, from US 395 turn west into Hwy 203.
This map shows that Mammoth Mountain Ski Area is huge and a fabulous place to ski with many ski runs and
facilities.
Mammoth Mountain also has a Ski Halfpipe set to Olympic specifications as shown above. I took a movie clip
of several skiers in action on this ski halfpipe as shown on the following YouTube website:

http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=FDo3pzTp3MM&feature=youtu.be
People fishing in Silver Lake in June Lake Loop.
遠處的雪山依舊閃著寒光。

Devil's Gate along U S 395.
Mono Lake basin as viewed from Conway Summit along U S 395 on a paved Turnout Mono Lake Vista just
south of Conway Summit and on the south bound side of U S 395.

Map: Click here for an interactive Google Map showing location of Conway Summit on US 395

I took two fantastic panoramic views of Mono Lake Basin as shown on my web page at:

http:/
/www.shltrip.com/Panoramic_Views_Part_2__in_Eastern_Sierra.html
巍峨雪山掩映下, 延綿起伏,青綠色的草原洋溢浪漫。

Magnificent snow capped Eastern Sierra mountains along U S 395 all the way. It is as continuously stunning as
the Pacific Coast Highway, with jagged 14,000-foot pinnacles of the Sierra to the west and the arid 11,000-
foot Inyo and White mountains to the east. It was a very enjoyable drive.

Sierra Nevada in eastern California:

California's Sierra Mountain is usually called Sierra Nevada. "Sierra" in Spanish means Saw or Mountain
Range. "Nevada" in Spanish means snowfall. Indeed "Sierra Nevada" in Spanish describes very well the snow
capped mountain range in eastern California as shown in this picture.


Part 1 of the tour of Eastern Sierra is at the following web page:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Spectacular_Eastern_Sierra_Part_1.html
In this April 2012 Tour of eastern California, we also toured Death Valley National Park and many other
interesting features in Mojave Desert as described in the following two Travelogue web pages:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Death_Valley_NP.html


http://www.shltrip.com/Rainbow_Basin.html


Furthermore, we also toured Rim of the World Scenic Byway at 7,000 feet above Los Angeles Basin as
described in the following Travelogue web page:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Rim_of_the_World.html
A picture of me (Sing Lin) along Tioga
Pass Road. This picture was taken by
May Lee.
讀萬卷書    行萬里路

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Fantastic 360-degree views of Mono Lake can be seen at:

http://
www.airpano.ru/files/Mono-Lake-California-USA/start_e.html
How I use information age technologies to enhance my enjoyment greatly of sightseeing large driving tour loop
of thousands of miles and of one to two weeks in duration covering many Points of Interest is described on my
web page at:

http://
www.shltrip.com/Sightseeing_in_Information_Age.html